Research

Research and development of national codes and guidelines with access standards are the focus area of Samarthyam. These codes/ guidelines are adopted by concerned ministries and departments of Government of India and UN agencies for reference and use by architects, engineers, planners and designers, etc. Contact Samarthyam for action oriented research studies and projects to make the world safe and friendly.

For whom

Academic institutions, CSOs, government, non-governmental and UN agencies, among others

Achievement

Samarthyam has spearheaded the inclusion of accessibility guidelines in the National Building Bye-laws; Indian Roads Congress- pedestrian facilities on roads (IRC 103, 2012); Harmonized Guidelines on Space Standards for Universal Design for Persons with Disabilities and Elderly, Ministry of Urban Development, 2015; Universal Accessibility Guidelines for pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport users, among many others. Disability inclusive design elements Toolkit and Guidelines for schools have been developed and incorporated in four major guidelines and codes of Government of India.

Access our publications and Access Guidelines:
Our Publications: http://samarthyam.com/category/publications/

Continue reading: http://samarthyam.com/policy-advocacy-and-research/

Policy Advocacy

We undertake policy auditing/ advocacy to include principles of equality and equity with user’s perspective in all policies and processing with accessibility, disability and gender lens. Samarthyam is regularly nominated by the Government of India as a subject expert to advice on program and policies relating to universal accessibility.

For whom

Policy makers, decision makers, companies, agencies, corporate, stake holders, service providers, communities and persons with disabilities

Achievement

Samarthyam has spearheaded the inclusion of accessibility guidelines in the National Building Bye-laws; Indian Roads Congress- pedestrian facilities on roads (IRC 103, 2012); Harmonized Guidelines on Space Standards for Universal Design for Persons with Disabilities and Elderly, Ministry of Urban Development, 2015; Civil Aviation Requirements 2014, Ministry of Civil Aviation; Universal Accessibility Guidelines for pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport users, among many others. Disability inclusive design elements Toolkit and Guidelines for schools have been developed and incorporated in four major guidelines and codes of Government of India.
Prepared matrix of flagship programmes and policies of Government of India to promote inclusion of persons with disabilities. The findings were shared with WHO and MSJE to be forwarded to concerned departments and Ministries.

Demonstration Projects

With undertake implementation strategies to provide user friendly and safe environment for persons with disabilities, including those with severe disabilities. Projects aim at universal access and inclusive mobility with replicable and sustainable models. Connaught Place inner circle and 1km radius of National Trust office was made accessible with NDMC before Commonwealth Games 2010, which showcased that access audits implementation enables refurbishment with access features in external environment also. This is one example.

Read more about Samarthyam’s published research studies and demonstration projects:

2015, Urban Transportation in India Cities

Samarthyam’s implementation strategies to make public transportation system universally accessible are published in Compendium of Good Practices, Urban Transportation in India Cities, published by National Institute of Urban Affairs.

1. Access Audits of Delhi Metro Infrastructure as a part of Promotion of user-friendly Public Transport Systems in Delhi- Implementation Strategies

2. Access Audits of Bus & Bus Shelters as a part of Promotion of user-friendly PT systems in Delhi- Implementation Strategies
Read more..( http://www.samarthyam.com/pdf/Urban-Transport-in-Cities-NIUA.pdf)

2014, Universal Accessibility in Walkability, Non Motorised Vehicles and Public Transport Infrastructure

Guidelines formulation on sustainable cities with focus on “Mobility Without Barriers: on foot, by non-motorised vehicles and optimum usage of public transport”. Supported by ClimateWorks Foundation and SSEF.

2013, WASH Facilities for Persons with Disabilities in Jharkhand, India
“Right to Sanitation” is one of the campaigns of Samarthyam- a pioneering effort in India to provide accessible WASH facilities and toilets for persons with disabilities, which are gender sensitive, age and disable friendly. The research report highlights barriers and access solution with indigenous material usage in rural, semi-urban and urban areas of Jharkhand. Individual household toilets, community and school toilets and toilets in public spaces can be easily modified/ retrofitted and made accessible for use by not only persons with disabilities but also by other persons with reduced mobility having special needs.

2011-2013, Research study on Anthropometrics of Mobility Aid Users: Indian perspective:

The study documents the multiple reaches, dimensions and visual access required in formulating definitive space standards for use of different kinds of tri-cycles, wheelchairs, crutches, walkers and other non-traditional mobility aids found extensively in India. Research is supported by DFID and VSO.

2010-2012, Research study on Accessible Building Bye-Laws to have unified building regulations for all public buildings and spaces in India:

It is found that there are various codes, guidelines, manuals and standards issued by various Central & State Ministries and agencies for built environment. These documents are outdated, need revision and lead to multiplicity in adhering to standards by the implementing agencies and stakeholders. Under the study, Samarthyam is reviewing, analyze, harmonies and update all the above into a comprehensive single document and present the same to Government of India for incorporation and making it mandatory in Model Building Bye-Laws. Study is supported by DFID and VSO.

2009-2012, Research study on IRC Code: 103: 2012, Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities:

Samarthyam is working with Indian Roads Congress (IRC) to include access needs of pedestrians with disabilities in their codes and Guidelines, so that these can be implemented by the architects and engineers in the planning stage itself. Study was supported by National Trust, DFID and VSO.
IRC 103: 2012 is the first national code with inclusive mobility and pedestrian guidelines of India and is used for roads, highways and city streets planning and retrofitting projects. The code is published by India Roads Congress.

2008, “Research study on Right of Way” for persons with disabilities in 1.5 km radius of National Trust Office in Connaught Place:

The study aims at improved ability to deal with the challenges of the urban design environment where the greatest concentrations of vulnerable road users are found. It will be of immense use to transportation professionals and planners, researchers and academicians, stake holders and service providers in analyzing and reviewing approaches for safe and equitable usage by all sections of the society. It will also assist NGOs, DPOs and user groups to advocate for universal design in urban street infrastructure, road crossings and other public facilities.

2007, “Research & Design for making of Braille Registration plates and Audio Meters in Auto Rickshaws”:

A “Talking Meter” for the Auto Rickshaws/ Taxis has been innovated to assist persons with vision impairment and low vision to hear the fare of the distance travelled. Also Braille Plates of registration numbers of the Auto Rickshaw/Taxis are developed to be put on these public vehicles so as the persons with vision impairment will be able to read out the same. The Delhi Transport Department has agreed to put Braille plates in the permit conditions and audio meters prototype developed by Samarthyam.

2006, “Research study on the Road Safety Aspects for persons with disabilities and implementation strategies”:

For 1 km NDMC area, Central Delhi. The access recommendations proposed by Samarthyam have been implemented by NDMC.

2005, “Promotion of user-friendly Public Transport Systems (Bus & bus shelters) in India”:

Samarthyam conducted a Research Study to provide user groups’ perspective on bus shelters, Low Floor Buses (LFB) and upcoming Bus Rapid Transit System introduced by the Delhi Government with the objective to evaluate the existing infrastructure, to assess and document the present situation and to provide concrete direction involving the user groups on how to make public transport user friendly.

2005, “Accessibility of Indian Railways”:

Includes users’ group perspective; facilities check of stations, reservation centre and compartment for disabled and recommendations for making Railways accessible. Low cost, tried and tested designs from developing countries and user perspective (disabled persons) and recommendations were forwarded to Research Design Standards Organization (RDSO), Rail Coach Factory (RCF), Ministry of Railways and other concerned departments.